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Trauma and PTSD


The main difference between PTSD and the experience of trauma is important to note. A traumatic event is time-based, while PTSD is a longer-term condition where one continues to have flashbacks and re-experiencing the traumatic event.

  • Acute trauma results from a single incident.

  • Chronic trauma is repeated and prolonged such as domestic violence or abuse.

  • Complex trauma is exposure to varied and multiple traumatic events, often of an invasive, interpersonal nature.


Potentially traumatic events can include:

  • Psychological, physical, or sexual abuse.

  • Community or school violence.

  • Witnessing or experiencing domestic violence.

  • National disasters or terrorism.

  • Commercial sexual exploitation.

  • Sudden or violent loss of a loved one.

  • Refugee or war experiences.

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